Injection molding is a manufacturing process commonly used for fabricating items from plastic case and toys to automotive body parts, cell phone cases, water bottles, and containers. Essentially many of the plastic parts that we use in every-day life are injection molded. It is a quick process to create a mass amount of identical plastic parts. The flexibility in shape and size achievable by the use of injection molding has consistently widened the boundaries of design in plastics and allowed substantial alternatives of traditional materials due to design freedom and light weighting.
How does it work?
An injection machine is made up of three primary components – the feed hopper, the screw and the heated barrel. Plastic granules for the part are fed into the heated barrel by a hopper. Plastic that is placed in the hopper is usually in powder or granular form although some resins, for instance silicone rubber, may be a liquid and might not entail heating. The material is then melted utilizing the frictional action of a reciprocating screw accompanied with heater bands. The molten plastic is then injected through the nozzle and into a mold cavity – it may seem easy, but injection molding is actually a very complex process. While in the mold cavity, the material cools and solidifies to the configuration of the cavity. When the part has hardened, the moveable platen that the mold is mounted opens and the part is ejected using ejector pins.
Injection molding machine sizes can run anywhere from 5 tons of clamping force to over 6000. The higher the tonnage, the larger the machine. In fact, injection molding machines are classified based on tonnage, or more precisely the clamping force or pressure.
For example, a machine that is capable of delivering 80 tons of clamping pressure is rated for 80 tons. This pressure ensures that the mold remains closed during the injection process. Too little or too much pressure can cause part quality issues as well as flashing, where excess material surfaces on the edge of the part. The viscosity of the plastic being used is also impacted by pressure. MFI or Melt Flow Index is a measure of the melt of a thermoplastic polymers ease of flow.
Another factor in sizing the correct machine is shot size and mold dimensions.
The clamping unit’s main function is to close and open the mold as well as ejecting the parts. Two of the most common types of clamps are the toggle clamps and the hydraulic clamps. Toggle clamps are traversed by hydraulic cylinders. These clamps use mechanical connections to generate greater forces than a hydraulic cylinder of the same size that uses a direct connection.
While the fundamentals of injection molding remain somewhat constant, the more technology we introduce into the existing clamp and injection processes the more complex the considerations become when developing a mold or building a machine for injection molding.
Jingwei molding has more than 15 years experience in plastic injection molding and mold making. Your High Volume, Custom Plastic Parts Injection Molding Specialist. To learn more about our manufacturing capabilities and discover what makes us different, please visit our website: :jweimolding.com . If you’re ready to jump into your next project with us, request a quote . No matter your need, contact us today so we can help your business face all of the changes and challenges of today’s competitive marketplace.